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Canberra is situated in the southeastern part of Australia, approximately 150 kilometers (93 miles) southwest of Sydney and 660 kilometers (410 miles) northeast of Melbourne.
The city is known for its planned urban layout, which includes wide boulevards, spacious parks, and a network of well-organized suburbs.
It is surrounded by the Brindabella Ranges to the west and the Australian Alps to the southwest.
Canberra was chosen as the site for Australia's capital city in 1908, following a competition to design the layout of the city.
The construction of the city began in 1913, and it was officially named Canberra in 1913.
It became the capital of Australia in 1913, taking over that role from Melbourne.
The name "Canberra" is believed to be derived from the Indigenous Australian word "Kamberra," which means "meeting place."
Canberra is home to the federal government institutions of Australia, including the Australian Parliament House, where the country's legislature convenes.
The city was specifically designed to be the capital and is not part of any state. Instead, it is governed by the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) government.
As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, Canberra had a population of over 400,000 people, making it Australia's eighth-largest city.
The population of Canberra is diverse, with residents from various cultural backgrounds, and it has a relatively high level of education and income due to its status as the political and administrative center of Australia.
The economy of Canberra is primarily centered around government-related activities, including public administration, defense, and education.
The city is also home to various research institutions, universities, and the headquarters of several national organizations.
Canberra boasts a strong educational system, with multiple universities and research institutions. The Australian National University (ANU) is one of the most prestigious universities in the country and is located in the city.
Culture and Recreation:
Canberra offers a wide range of cultural and recreational activities. It has numerous museums and galleries, including the National Gallery of Australia and the National Museum of Australia.
The city is known for its beautiful parks and outdoor spaces, such as Lake Burley Griffin, which offers opportunities for water sports, cycling, and picnicking.
The annual Floriade festival showcases colorful flower displays and attracts visitors from across Australia.
Canberra has a well-planned road network, and its layout makes it relatively easy to navigate.
The city is served by Canberra Airport, providing domestic and limited international flights.
Public transportation in Canberra includes buses, but it is generally considered a car-dependent city.
Overall, Canberra is a purpose-built city designed to serve as the capital of Australia. It is known for its political and administrative significance, cultural institutions, and outdoor recreational opportunities. The city's planned layout and modern infrastructure contribute to its unique character.